Other Names: Poms, Toy
Type: Companion Dog
Height: 8 -
Weight: 3 - 7 lbs.
colors, but free from black or white shadings; whole colors are
white, black, brown, orange, cream, wolf sable, beaver (dark
beige), red, light or dark blue. They can also be particolor.
Coat: Long, straight and harsh with a soft,
fluffy undercoat. Very abundant coat.
Pomeranians are friendly, active, lively, spunky and are highly
trainable. A very clean dog they have been described as catlike.
They can be unfriendly to not only strangers but sometimes to
people they know and simply do not like if they are not properly
socialized. They are alert, active, and curious. They are
relatively obedient, and can be anthropomorphized as "full of
itself". They like to demand attention when they want it, and
are very playful.
With Children: Yes, though they should be supervised as
they may not tolerate young children.
With Pets: Yes, good with other pets.
Special Skills: Companion and family pet.
Watch-dog: Very High.
They will call attention to anything unusual with a shrill yappy
Guard-dog: Very Low. Although defensive and alert, they
are not equipped in either physical attributes or bravery to
tackle most threats.
Care and Training:
Daily brushing of the long double coat is needed to prevent
matting. Monthly bathing is recommended. Pomeranians shed once
or twice a year. Clean the eyes, ears and teeth regularly.
Pomeranians do not need a large amount of exercise. Indoors at
home or a romp in the park will suffice. Barking needs to be
curbed from an early age.
Learning Rate: High. Obedience - Very Low. Problem
Solving - High.
Activity: Indoor -
Very High. Outdoor - Medium.
Living Environment: Apartment or house, city or country,
Pomeranians thrive in a busy family atmosphere and love to be
pampered. Poms make an excellent companion for the elderly. Some
Poms do best in an adult only home. The best owner for this
breed would be an adult owner living in a city environment.
Life Span: 12 -
Litter Size: 1 - 3 puppies.
Country of Origin:
History: Pomeranians are known to have existed
around the eighteenth century in Germany. They resemble the
much larger sled-pulling Spitz type dogs from the Arctic Circle,
which they are said to have descended from. German Spitz have
been around since at least 1450, when they were recorded in
German literature. In 1750, Count Eberhand Zu Sayre Buffon wrote
in his National History of Quadrupeds that he
believed the Spitz was the ancestor of all domestic breeds. The
Spitz breeds probably descended from dogs brought to the Germany
and Holland, or Scandinavia, by Vikings who plundered and purged
the cities during the Renaissance era. It was said that the
white spitz lived in Pomerania, while the black ones resided in
Würtemberg. Several breeds came from these
dogs, including the Keeshond, Wolf Spitz, Giant, Standard and
Small German Spitz, as well as the Pomeranian, also known as the
Toy German Spitz. The toy Spitz went on to be imported in Great
Britain at least 100 years ago, and was from Pomerania in
Germany, thusly being renamed the Pomeranian. The Pomeranian was
first introduced to Britain in the 19th century weighing around
30 lbs. Today the toy Spitz and the Pomeranian are considered
different breeds. Queen Victoria took such delight in these dogs
that at one time they were called Victorian Poms. Many of the
breeds were recorded in paintings as well. In 1899 the German
Spitz Club was formed, and the breed was official. Smaller and
smaller Pomeranians began to dominate the show ring in England,
and some began to miss the larger breed, the Giant German Spitz.